Marine Ecology & Conservation

This module introduces the basic elements of marine ecology on ecosystems and biodiversity, addresses the main threats posed by humans, and the main conservation measures with a particular focus on MPAs.


FIREBAC | #Marine Biology | #Science & Society | 4 ECTS

Semester 3 (Fall)


Learning outcomes

Students should

  • explore theories and models in marine ecology
  • understand and identify the main processes and patterns, and identify the similarities and differences between systems
  • identify and comprehend the main anthropogenic impacts on marine ecosystems, especially at large scales
  • identify the most suitable objects for the protection of ecosystems from anthropogenic threats
  • understand and be able to implement the scientific process of creating an MPA


  • Introduction: from marine ecology to conservation
  • Processes
    • Abiotic and biotic interactions
    • Marine food webs
  • Systems
    • Shallow coastal systems (focus on the Mediterranean)
    • Sea weeds and kelp forests
    • Seagrass meadows
    • Mangroves
    • Coral reefs
    • Deep sea
  • Global human disturbances
    • Climate change
    • Ocean acidification
  • Marine conservation
    • The different protection measures
    • The scientific aspects of MPAs
    • The regulatory aspects of MPAs
    • Focus on: French regulations & policies, marine reforestation


  • Steeve Comeau (CNRS, IMEV)
  • Timothée Cook (Blue Seeds)
  • Sylvaine Giakoumi (Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Italy)
  • Luisa Mangialajo (ECOSEAS, Université Côte d'Azur) 
  • Christophe Mocquet (Université Côte d'Azur)
  • Frédéric Villers (Office Français de la Biodiversité)


  • Oral presentations (flipped class)
  • Journal Club
  • Project
  • Written examination
The other Semester 1 modules
The other #Marine Biology modules
The other #Science and Society modules